Saturday, May 23, 2020
Monday, May 18, 2020
Throughout history, nursing is one of the branches of healthcare field that has been viewed by many societies as a female profession. This notion has been influenced by the different cultures and the societal view of an ideal woman. Positive characteristics, such as patience, compassion, caring, and kindness that are required by nurses are considered to be Ã¢â¬Å"womanly.Ã¢â¬ Consequently, the society has appraised men to exhibit characteristic of bravery and protectiveness, which are required by warriors. Most common stereotypes among men in nursing are failed medical school applicant, gay or effeminate, misfit, and womanizer (Burton and Misener, 2007). Early nursing leader, such as Lavinia Dock and Florence Nightingale, also compounded prejudicial view of men in nursing. Nightingale s image of the nurse as subordinate, nurturing, domestic, humble, and self-sacrificing, as well as not too educated, became prevalent in society (Selanders Crane, 2012). The male nursing population in the United States (U.S) has increased from about 2.7 percent of in 1970 to 9.6 percent in 2011(U.S Census Bureau, 2013). Even though progress has made, it is extremely slow when compared to the advance of women in traditionally men dominated carriers. According to 2015 statistics from the US Bureau of Labor, 57.0% of pharmacists, 37.9% of physicians and physicians, and 25.9% of dentists are women. Ironically, Male nurses are only concentrated in technological, physical, and critical thinking aspectsShow MoreRelatedThe Barriers Of Professionalism : A Discussion Of The Contributing Factors1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThere are many barriers in the nursing profession. The many factors that contribute to these limitations have been noticed for centuries, such as the educational standards which were set forth by Isabel Hampton Robb in 1893. Robb set the standards of nursing education and formalized a curriculum (Black, 2014). Today we face several challenge s and educational barriers. An important concept within the nursing profession that affects many is the issue of education. Nursing achievements and requirementsRead More Why Are There So Few Men In Nursing? Essays1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAmong twenty leading female-dominated professions, registered nurses (RNÃ¢â¬â¢s) are the second most occupation that employed women in 2006Ã ¬. Similar to many traditionally female professions, the percentage of male in nursing is small. In fact, male nurses only comprised eight percent of RNÃ¢â¬â¢s in 2008. Although much effort has been made to recruit more men into nursing, many contributing factors have driven them away from this profession. Those factors include poor nursing image, negative public perceptionRead MoreWomen s Role As A Female Dominant Profession Essay1395 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHistory shows us that nursing has not always been female dominant profession, and men have been a part of nursing for since acient times. A once male dominated profession has transitioned into men representing only a small percentage of the nursing population. The decl ine of men in nursing can contributed to factors such as gender discrimination, sterotypes, and the demasculination of the profession as a whole. In recent years there has been a push to revamp the image of nursing in order to recruitRead MoreGender, Gender And Gender Discrimination1303 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestrait to provide for their families. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until Florence Nightingale revolutionized the field of nursing by affirming the natural feminine qualities of care, nurture and gentle. The U.S. is experiencing a slow but steady increase of men within the nursing profession (Evans, 1997); however, integrating masculine and feminine roles still poses a big problem. Male nurses consist 9.6% of the nursing population, precipitating gender inequity (MacWilliams, Schmidt, Bleich, 2013; U.S. Census BureauRead MoreWhy Do Male Nursing Stereotypes Exist?1113 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNursing was usually considered as a female type profession. However, throughout the recent years, it ha s become popular for men as well. In spite the fact that nursing a common career choice for men, there are still many stereotypes and misconceptions connected with being a male nurse (Jerpi, 2016). The goal of this essay is to find an answer and a solution to the question, Ã¢â¬Å"Why do male nursing stereotypes exist?Ã¢â¬ The word Ã¢â¬Å"nurseÃ¢â¬ , is derived from Latin origins and means to nourish and suckle (SaymanRead MoreNurses Should Not Be A Doctor Essay1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesare many reasons why nurses are looked down on. The most prominent is gender. The nursing profession is primarily ruled by women and due to that Ã¢â¬Å"todayÃ¢â¬â¢s view of nursing is of manual labor, not a skilled professionÃ¢â¬ (Sturtevant 32). It is seen as womenÃ¢â¬â¢s work and in light of sexism, a woman s work is never important enough. Male nurses are ridiculed and the nursing profession devalued due to the fact that nursing is believed to be a woman s job. Nurses face a lot of adversity. One of themRead MoreNursing Now And The Civil War1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNursing now and in the Civil War Where do you think the nursing profession came from? There were so many important voices and changes since the Civil War that had a major influence towards the nursing profession. Some things are the same but at the same time many things are different. For example, in the Civil War, if a soldier had a hurt leg or arm the doctors would just amputate it right away. Today doctors do many exams before they do something that serious. Since the Civil War, nursing hasRead MoreGender Differences Between Associate And Baccalaureate Degree Levels1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhile the nursing field continues to flourish in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s job market,it is also experiencing a massive shortage. Despite this alarming fact, according to Buerhaus (2008): Ã¢â¬Å" Of the estimated 2.24 million RNs in the nursing workforce in 2006, 200,000 were men (8%)Ã¢â¬ (p. 2424). In order to alleviate the nursing shortage, nursing schools must allure men into the field by eliminating the feminization of the p rofession and appealing to a diverse demographic who choose to pursue a career in a female dominatedRead MoreLearning The History Of Nursing1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Learning the history of nursing is vital in understanding nursing today. How Florence Nightingale changed the history of nursing? Why there is more female than male nurses? Why nurses were considered subordinate to physician? Why the contribution of physicians received more recognition than nurses? Why Filipino nurses is abundance in the United States hospitals? This paper would discuss the part of history of nursing that answered those above question. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE Florence NightingaleRead MoreGovernments should encourage more men to become nurses600 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagessocieties evolved after the onset of agriculture revolution, the professions of males and females remained distinguished. Similarly the profession of nursing was overwhelmingly occupied by the women and the strength of males in it remained negligible throughout the course of history. But in the contemporary world, with the female activism, the distinction between male and female occupation has ceased to exist. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why this profession needs male professionals as well for its prosperity and development
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
The Limitations of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act Darren Abraham MSAF 670 University of Maryland University College The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) is a legislation enacted in 2002 under the sponsorship of U.S. Senator Paul Sarbanes (D-MD) and U.S. Representative Michael G. Oxley (R-OH). The law introduced increased government oversight for publicly held companies. It also imposes additional management responsibilities and corporate operating costs on companies trading under SEC regulations. Sarbanes-Oxley was enacted in direct response to a number of corporate accounting scandals, including those of Enron, Tyco International, and WorldCom. As a result of the SOX Act, Corporate Managers (CEOs, CFOs) areÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Unfortunately, all those efforts have not been vindicated because of the following reasons: Accounting did not cause the recent corporate scandals such as Enron and WorldCom. Unreliable financial statements were the results of management decisions, fraudulent or otherwise. To blame managementÃ¢â¬â¢s misdeeds on fraudulent financial statements casts accountants as the scapegoats and misses the real issue. Reliable financial reports rely to a certain extent on effective internal controls, but effective internal controls rely to a large extent on a reliable management system coupled with strong corporate governance. when management deliberately or even unlawfully manipulates business processes in order to achieve desirable financial goals and present untruthful financial reports to the public, accounting systems are abused and victims rather than perpetrators. An effective system of internal control must be built on the basis of the analysis of enterprise-wide risks. Therefore, to create value for its customers and other stakeholders, an organization must have in place the ability to systematically assess and analyze all material risks that affect the entityÃ¢â¬â¢s planned objectives. (Integrated Framework, Volume II Guidance, June 2008). Internal control of the accounting process is designed to detect unintentional data errors rather than intentional errors. Garbage in, garbage out! Even good accounting systems can not catchShow MoreRelatedSarbanes-Oxley Section 4046777 Words Ã |Ã 28 PagesSarbanes Oxley Act, 2002. Outline In this paper the Sarbanes Oxley Act with particular reference to the section 404 is discussed in detail. We shall start the paper with providing background information to the Sarbanes Oxley Act, 2002. This section explores the environment that spurred the creation of the act and the need for such legislation. The second section provides an introduction to the Sarbanes Oxley Act section 404 which explores the provisions of Section 404. The next section on Ã¢â¬ËInternalRead MoreEssay on Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404 and Affect on Small Business2003 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAnalysis of Sarbanes-Oxley Ã¢â¬â Section 404 And Affect on Small Companies Content I. Executive Summary 1 II. Background Facts 2 III. Issue Stated 3 IV. Analysis 4-5 V. Conclusion 6 VI. References 7 Executive Summary 404 of Sarbanes Oxley:Read MoreThe Sarbanes Oxley Act ( Sox ) For A Company1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Introduction For this assignment I am going to try to describe the cost and benefits of implementing the Sarbanes Oxley Act (SOX) for a company. I will then move on to describe what it is, how to go about it, and what a company may need to properly implement it. The Sarbanes Oxley Act was approved and activated in 2002 to protect investors and to renew confidence in American companies from what happened with the fall of companies like Enron, HealthSouth, and WorldCom. This act was trusted to fixRead MoreThe Sarbanes Oxley Act ( Sox ) For A Company1280 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFor this assignment I am going to try to describe the cost and benefits of implementing the Sarbanes Oxley Act (SOX) for a company. I will then move on to describe what it is, how to go about it, and what a company may need to properly implement it. The Sarbanes Oxley Act was approved and activated in 2002 to protect investors and to renew confidence in American companies from what happened with the fall of companies like Enron, HealthSouth, and WorldCom. This act was trusted to fix or find corruptionRead MoreSarbanes Oxley Act Of 2002 Essay1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 The financial crisis of the early 2000s left many investors and stockholders nervous about the accuracy of financial statements issued by public companies. The financial crisis resulted after many previously successful companies suddenly tanked due to restatement of their financials. These companies include Enron, Tyco, Sunbeam, Rite-Aid, Xerox and WorldCom amongst others (Kieso, 2014, p. 17). How could many previously successful companies suddenly go belly-up? The evidenceRead MoreEssay on The Sarbanes-Oxley Act852 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestoday that are using the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) legislation that helps to safeguard their company and their financial records. The Sarbanes-Oxley act began in 2002 and the purpose behind this act was to protect organizations, it had a major impact on accounting and record keeping. Because of Enron, they passed this act for publicly-traded corporations to better implement control to their enterprise data. Ã¢â¬Å"Named after Senator Paul Sarbanes and Representative Michael Oxley, who also set a number ofRead MoreSarbanes Oxley Outline676 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Ineffectiveness of the Sarbanes Oxley Act In Corporate Management and Accounting In the early 1990s, a young company named Enron was quickly moving up Fortune magazineÃ¢â¬â¢s chart of Ã¢â¬Å"AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Most Innovative Company.Ã¢â¬ As the corporate world began to herald Enron as the next global leader in business, a dark secret loomed on the horizon of this great energy company. Aggressive entrepreneurs eager to push the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s stock price higher and a series of fraudulent accounting procedures involvingRead MoreSarbanes Oxley Act : A Important Part Of Business1215 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA vital part of business today is the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. It was created to protect the integrity of business and the interest of consumers and investors. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act enforces the monitoring of finance data and information technology as it relates to storage of information. It requires the audit of a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s assets, accounting and finance. The act requires certifications by top company officialsÃ¢â¬â¢ to guarantee that data submitted i s true and accurate. Monitoring to ensure complianceRead MoreSarbanes Oxley : Corporate Responsibility For Financial Reports750 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesimpact on corporations, accounting firms, and investors like Sarbanes-Oxley. Sarbanes-Oxley was passed by Congress in 2002 as direct result of the accounting scandals that plagued the public equity markets during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Sarbanes-Oxley was developed to be a series of measures, safeguards, guidelines, and criminal punishments in order to prevent future accounting scandals on the scale of Enron and Worldcom. Sarbanes-Oxley has profoundly impacted both management and accountantsRead MoreSarbanes Oxley : Corporate Responsibility For Financial Reports Essay760 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimpact on corporations, accounting firms, and investors like Sarbanes-Oxley. Sarbanes-Oxley was passed by Congress in 2002 as a direct result of the accounting scandals that plagued the public equity markets during the late 1990s and earl y 2000s. Sarbanes-Oxley was developed to be a series of measures, safeguards, guidelines, and criminal punishments in order to prevent future accounting scandals on the scale of Enron and Worldcom. Sarbanes-Oxley has profoundly impacted both management and accountants
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
University Name Name of The Institute Course Title A Report on Physician assisted death for the terminally ill in US Student Name Introduction In United States, Euthanasia is a highly controversial subject among politicians, legislators and society members. Just the mention of this issue polarizes different groups on opposing ends as some either support it and others want to keep it illegal and unlawful(Steck, Egger, Maessen, Reisch, Zwahlen, 2013). The main ideology that is discussed in the situation is whether an individual has a right on his own life in cases of terminal illness where there is no way of recovering according to medical professionals. The argument that is for the provision of assisted-death for terminally ill can be understood by other names of Euthanasia which are- mercy-killing and dignity-death. These names are given to the practice of physical assisted-death as it allows the terminally ill patients to avoid the extreme pain, constant awareness of certain death and humiliating medical conditions that are part of some terminal illnesses. In this report, the present state of Euthanasia has been evaluated in context of United States. The goal is to look for the existing political and legislative environment for and against Euthanasia and identify an appropriate solution. Present State of Euthanasia In most of the western countries, the legislators are no longer keeping the rights of people to decide whether or not they want assisted-death ifShow MoreRelatedPhysician Assisted Suicide Should Be Legal1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe topic of physician-assisted suicide has become very controversial because of the ethical questions. The physical state of health of the patient, the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s personal life, and even the financial pressure of the patient are all factors to consider when contemplating whether or not to legalize this controversial cause of death. Physician-assisted suicide regarding medical ethics states that a physician cannot legally give any patient a lethal injection to end their life, but they can take theRead MoreThe Ethical Responsibility Of Assisted Suicide1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages As defined by Merriam- Webster, physician assisted suicide is: Ã¢â¬Å"suicide by a patient facilitated by means or information (as a drug prescription or indication of the letha l dosage) provided by a physician aware of the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s intent.Ã¢â¬ Implicit in the term suicide, is that life has been prematurely ended due to desperation and hopelessness. However, in most cases Behuniak Svenson (2003) argue that suicide is mostly performed under unstable mental conditions of the patient and therefore any suicideRead MoreThe Death Of Terminally Ill Patients1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThere are many causes of death, and some of the individuals who lay on their deathbed suffering will often wish to hasten their passing. To be exact, it is about the terminally ill patients and the agony they are facing. Terminally ill patients go through massive amounts of medication, all sorts of therapy, and unimaginable pain. Because of this, the patient will often ask their physician to help them commit suicide. In 2014, Brittany Maynard, 29, was diagnosed with terminal brain cancer and is aRead MoreAdvocates Against Assisted Suicide Advocates Essay1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdvocates against assisted suicide argue that the untaken medication will be dispersed to a larger group of people than just the terminally ill it was intended for. A little over 40% of the population of individuals that received life-ending medication did not even take the medication (Keown 172). Keown details a summary of the prescriptions ingested in 2015 as of this current January. All of the medications that a prescription was written for were carefully tracked and observed. The Death with DignityRead MoreAssisted Suicide : Rights And Responsibilities1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAssisted Suicide: Rights and Responsibilities A woman suffering from cancer became the first person known to die under the law on physician-assisted suicide in the state of Oregon when she took a lethal dose of drugs in March, 1998. The Oregon Death with Dignity Act passed a referendum in November, 1997, and it has been the United States only law legalizing assisted suicide since then. According to the New England Journal of Medicine, more than 4,000 doctors have approved of the assisted suicideRead MorePhysician Assisted Suicide : Controversial Healthcare And Political Realms Alike1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Physician-Assisted Suicide Elissa Munoz-Tucker University of Arizona Abstract Physician-assisted suicide is controversial in healthcare and political realms alike. Currently, this end-of-life option is practiced in five states within the United States. Social concerns regarding assisted suicide revolve around ethical quandaries; providing the means to a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s death is contradictory to ethical principles of healthcare providers. Political concerns surroundingRead MorePhysician Assisted Suicide And The Rights Of Patients1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPhysician-assisted suicide needs to be recognized by the federal government to show terminally ill patients that their right to autonomy is not being ignored. The Bill of Rights of Patients was constructed to outline just this. According to the American Cancer Society, Ã¢â¬Å"the American Hospital Association drafted a PatientsÃ¢â¬â¢ Bill of Rights to inform patients of what they could reasonably expect while in the hospital.Ã¢â¬ One of the notes stated in the Bill of Rights of Patients is the right to a utonomyRead MoreAssisted Suicide Should Be Legal Essay1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe process of assisted suicide, or physician-assisted death, is a hotly debated topic that still remains at the forefront of many national discussions today. Assisted suicide can be described as the suicide of patient by a physician-prescribed dose of legal drugs. The reason that this topic is so widely debated is that it infringes on several moral and religious values that many people in the United States have. But, regardless of the way that people feel, a personÃ¢â¬â¢s right to live is guaranteedRead MoreEssay On Physician Assisted Death1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescurrently more than 1.3 million terminally ill patients in the United States waiting for the day that they will succumb to death.Ã¢â¬ Some are bed ridden, some are constantly consumed with systemic pain, some have no strength or desire to get out of bed and so they wait. They wait because they live in a state that says they do not have the right to die. Those who are healthy argue that it is immoral, ungodly and unethical for a medical doctor to practice physician assisted death. Government should not prohibitRead MorePhysician-Assisted Suicide - an Utilitarian Perspective Essay example1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPhysician-assisted suicide is Ã¢â¬Å"the voluntary termination of ones own life by administration of a lethal substance with the direct or indirect assistance of a physician. Physician-assisted suicide is the practice of providing a competent patient with a prescription for medication for the patient to use with the primary intention of ending his or her own lifeÃ¢â¬ (MedicineNet.com, 2004). Many times this ethical issue arises when a terminally-ill patient with and incurable illness, whom is given little
The shaping of my role as being the future leader for the Hawaii Papua Riders has been an anticipatory colonization experience during early onset of my life-span development. Ã¢â¬Å"Anticipatory colonization,Ã¢â¬ Is the process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles. The pungent smell of morning dew fills my lungs up with the essence of the earth, the cool breeze that gently touches my face, and the neighing of horses has been embedded in my fond memories as a young girl. We will write a custom essay sample on Anticipitory Socialization or any similar topic only for you Order Now Growing up on our ranch in Womanly, my grandparents were the oneÃ¢â¬â¢s who instilled a passion of tending and riding horses. I would be at our family ranch before the sun came up and TLD leave until sunset during my summers as a child. My grandfather John M. Cook and grandmother Lit L. Cook were the founders of the Hawaii Papua Riders in 1982, until the year of 2003 of my grandmotherÃ¢â¬â¢s passing. Currently my mother Leila K. Cook carries on the legacy my grandmother upheld, and is now the head of Hawaii Papua Riders as its second generation. Being my mothers daughter I will someday need to carry on these duties as the third enervation equestrian chairperson of the Hall Papua Riders. The Hawaii Papua Riders participate In yearly events that mark an Importance In Hawaiian culture. Events which include the Aloha Festival Parade, Jackhammer Day Parade, and other engagements that the community associates their reverence and respect for the Papua tradition. Hawaii Papua riding is a sense and practice of Hawaiian tradition fitted for Alit, or royalty, which is a lengthy piece of fabric worn to protect their wardrobe while riding on horseback held by Just six UKÃ¢â¬â¢ nuts. The practice of preparing the horse or each rider, and the wrapping of fabric around the Papua rider has been the focal point Into the art of the royal Hawaiian tradition. Now days, Pap Rolling symbolizes horsemanship, aloha, and beauty of each Hawaiian island, for each island has its own specific color, flower, and representation. My grandparents taught me how to saddle the horses properly and securely while maintaining the comfort level for the horse. The preparation of saddling ones horse is a complex process, yet also a crucial one, as It ensures the safety for not only the horse, but for the Papua rider and bystanders. My grandmother would tell me often that safety comes first: no matter what the instance is, because an issue can stir in the midst of a parade ride at a momentÃ¢â¬â¢s haste, so taking precaution to the welfare of the horse and itÃ¢â¬â¢s rider is top priority before, during, and after each Papua event. The importance in the relationship between the Papua rider and their horse is also crucial to the accordance of each parade or event. The rider must be confident and comfortable riding their horse, as to avoid Injury to the rider or bystanders. The horse must be confident and imposture through a chaotic environment that a typical parade or event encompasses. Greeting and portraying a Papua rider appearance at all times during the course of the event is a daunting task, as there is a certain procedure to seating position, body posture, and gestures while keeping the Papua fabric taut and the floral arrangement on the Papua riderÃ¢â¬â¢s neck and head from disarray. I would spend hours practicing to perfect the Papua rider appearance, so that one day I can teach prospective Papua riders the correct and traditional way that has been handed down since the early beginnings of the Papua tradition. Learning from a young age about the necessary responsibilities and comprehensive knowledge of the Hawaii Papua Riders, as well as refining my horsemanship skills, gives me confidence in my ability to uphold my future role within the Papua community. My mother has devoted herself in continuing the perpetuation of the Hawaii Pap equestrian tradition, and I too will continue to keep the Papua tradition alive, being the successor to my mother as a third generation Cook leading the Hawaii Papua Riders. But until that time comes, I will continue on this anticipatory colonization path right beside my mother, as a constant minder to myself that someday soon, all this responsibility and task will be the roles as well as standers I will have to uphold someday. From a symbolic interactions perspective, having the opportunity to be able to interact with horses, and family members who are accustomed to Papua riding tradition, has culturally assimilated me to the lifestyle of a Papua rider. With Symbolic interactions, reality is seen as social developed interaction with others. My family members are oneÃ¢â¬â¢s that I could trust, and as a young girl, I was engaged in mirroring their actions, beliefs, and aloes, because I wanted to make my family, and on a broader perspective, the Papua community see the elegance of Papua. The interaction with my family members who have the passion for horseback riding, and also the dedication to perpetuating a royal Hawaiian tradition in respect to the culture I identify myself as is the symbolism to my predisposition to my future role as being a third generation Cook family member to one day lead the Hawaii Papua Riders. Most symbolic interactions believe a physical reality does indeed exist by an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s social definitions, and that social definitions do develop in part or relation to something Ã¢â¬Å"real. As my grandparents and mother interacted with me by teaching me how to ride a horse, how to saddle a horse, listening to stories about their own Papua riding experience has shaped my reality in being accustomed to those ways as my way of living within my own family dynamic. The emphasis on symbols, negotiated meaning, and social construction of society brought on attention to the roles people play. As a child, I did not see the connection of my horsem anship interactions would lead me to being competent in my future role as head of the Hawaii Papua Riders. Role-taking is a key mechanism that permits people to see another personÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective to understand what an action might mean to another person. Through the symbolic interactions perspective, it is clear that my everyday involvement with the horses and my primary support group affiliated with the Papua community would have a major impact to who I am, how I see myself, and who I identify myself as within my own family and community on a systems level. So as I continue to stand beside my mother, I know my time will someday come and I will be the third generation of leading and Chairperson of the Ã¢â¬Å"Hawaii Papua RidersÃ¢â¬ . How to cite Anticipitory Socialization, Papers
Question: Discuss about the Use of Social Media in Management Communication of Qantas Airlines. Answer: Qantas Airlines is an Australian based airline founded on 16th November 1920 in Winston Australia by two Australian Flying Corps officers. It began its operations the following day. Also known as the Flying Kangaroo due to its use of the Kangaroo symbol on all its aircraft, Qantas airlines is the largest airline in Australia. It is also one of the largest airlines in the world with a fleet of 132 as of 2017, serving up to 184 destinations in 42 different countries worldwide. As of May 2016, Qantas Airlines had a majority market share of 65% of the whole Australian aviation industry operating an average of 5300 flights each week. In 2011 Qantas Airlines Government and Corporate Affairs executive Olivia Wirth, faced a communication dilemma emanating from the use of social media that threatened the image of the company. Qantas had sponsored a social media contest requesting the twitter users to describe their luxury inflight experience and giving them an opportunity to win 50 pairs of Q antas first class pajamas and a luxury amenity kit. However, the campaign backfired when the twitter users instead decided to use the opportunity to attack the airline and vent their frustrations. By the following morning, Qantas had more than 10,000 mentions worldwide. Olivia Wirth was therefore faced with the challenge of rescuing the airlines reputation as the pride of Australia by countering the negativity created by the unfortunate social media campaign. It is important that Qantas Airlines consider various actions in future if they are to avoid such disasters happening again. These actions will help them maintain and improve their status as the best and largest airline in Australia and beyond. In order to implement any such actions it is important for the airline to analyze the real causes of the crisis. These include, poor monitoring of feedbacks, negative response, poor timing of publicity and lack of understanding on how to communicate with the public. Poor monitoring of feedbacks. The company failed to continuously monitor what the public is saying about them online hence they had no idea what was waiting when they were launching the social media campaign. In future, Qantas Airlines should use internet monitoring tools such as Social Mention, TweetReach, HootSuite, Brandwatch and many others to find the ongoing conversations about their brand. The fact however is that a company cannot entirely control what is being said about them by the social media users because there will always be negative comments (Michaelodou, et al., 2011). This is due to the inability of any company to fully satisfy everyone. Monitoring of feedbacks will therefore help the company in devising a proper crisis plan should such storm of negativity happen again in the future. Poor timing of publicity. In trying to build positive online publicity, a company should take note of the existence of an offline world too. The social media team failed to give consideration to the sensitivity of the offline matters that had surrounded the company around the time. Firstly, this campaign was undertaken at the heart of an industrial dispute between the airline and three unions, Australian Transport Workers Union, the International Pilots Association and the Australian Licensed Aircraft Engineers Association which had led to halting of services. The airline management had just opted out of negotiating with these unions. It is therefore important that in future the social media team at Qantas Airlines consider other issues surrounding the company before carrying out such campaigns. Lack of understanding on how to communicate with the public. Being able to understand what the public needs in line with your area of business is important in coming up with a better social media strategy. A better publicity idea would have been to promote medium tier level members to upper level. Negative responses. Irrespective of the response by the social media users the companys response must always remain positive (Mangold, 2009). This gives the image that the company is able to positively take public critism and work towards improving them. According to Tim Burrowes, founder and content director at Mumbrella, an online discussion platform about Australias media and marketing, he could not reach the Qantas communication team for comment after the controversial tweet. Social media has been around for more than twenty years now. However, it is only recently that various businesses have begun to recognize the importance of social media in their growth. Currently, almost all companies are using it to further supplement their marketing activities especially when targeting the younger generations that spend a lot of time in the social media. While it has proved positive to many some have ended up destroying their business by poorly timed social media campaigns (Kietzmann, et al., 2011). The following factors should be considered if a company want to successfully use the social media to grow their business; Target group. The company should know the group they are targeting with their social media adverts to understand their needs. For example the needs of an organization in choosing an airline for their employees are different from those of individuals wanting leisure travel (Kaplan Haenlein, 2010). Before adopting the use of social media, the company must set out the objectives they wish to achieve (Hanna, et al., 2011). Because it involves use of resources such as time, money and manpower, the objectives will act as guidance in measuring its success. Companies should ensure their social media messages are consistent in order to create an identity in the consumers mind (De Vries, et al.,2012) Use of imagery. Relevant images create a lasting impression in the minds of the consumers hence should be employed widely (Safco, 2010). Social media message should be accompanied with images that describe them. For instant, Qantas Airlines could do with beautiful images of the pajamas to accompany their twitter challenge. Show interest and participate in the discussion. The companys social media team should be available to reply to comments. This makes the potential customers feel valued. It also make the potential buyers get more information like prices of the products they wish to buy (Ellison, 2007). Communication Plan Template Timing The airline should choose a working day to communicate with the public. They should also ensure that there is no current negative issue relating to the operations of the company. Audience The audience should be individuals, businesses and government agencies Sender The airlines communications team should be the sender. However, production of the message should involve the Public Relations and the Marketing team. The marketing team is responsible for creating the substance to be marketed to the public while the PR team will package the message to be attractive to the public. Key Message The key message contained in the media campaign should be that the airline values its customers hence needs their feedback while at the same time rewarding them for their time. Desired Outcomes The desired out comes are; Increased recognition of the airline Increased customer loyalty hence higher profits The company will get views of the public which they can act on to improve their services in the future. Medium Social media sites is the best way of reaching younger customers. Use of other sources such as television adverts and print media such as newspapers is also important. Further, the airline can use telephone calls and email messages to communicate to their regular customers. Materials Unnecessary and irrelevant information should be left out. Frequency Qantas should communicate with its customers as often as possible to help them understand the current public perception. Their social media pages like Facebook and Twitter should remain active at all times. References Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship.Journal of Computer?Mediated Communication,13(1), 210-230. De Vries, L., Gensler, S., Leeflang, P. S. (2012). Popularity of brand posts on brand fan pages: An investigation of the effects of social media marketing.Journal of Interactive Marketing,26(2), 83-91. Hanna, R., Rohm, A., Crittenden, V. L. (2011). Were all connected: The power of the social media ecosystem.Business horizons,54(3), 265-273. Kaplan, A. M., Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media.Business horizons,53(1), 59-68. Kietzmann, J. H., Hermkens, K., McCarthy, I. P., Silvestre, B. S. (2011). Social media? Get serious! Understanding the functional building blocks of social media.Business horizons,54(3), 241-251. Mangold, W. G., Faulds, D. J. (2009). Social media: The new hybrid element of the promotion mix.Business horizons,52(4), 357-365. Michaelidou, N., Siamagka, N. T., Christodoulides, G. (2011). Usage, barriers and measurement of social media marketing: An exploratory investigation of small and medium B2B brands.Industrial marketing management,40(7), 1153-1159. Safko, L. (2010).The social media bible: tactics, tools, and strategies for business success. John Wiley Sons.
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Question: Discuss aboout the Ethical Production of Clothing Rana Plaza factory. Answer: This essay demonstrates the ethical production of clothing in relation to the collapse of a building collapse of a Rana Plaza factory in the year 2013.It demonstrates a critical explanation about how the common good is challenged or negated by this issue locally or globally. It also explains a few ways to address these challenges in relation with the Common Good and its relationship to other CST principles. The garment industry has been recognized as one of the biggest and the largest export industries. The workers employed here are paid minimum wages and contracts that are flexible and are stopped without giving them any prior notice. The workers working in a textile and garment factories are not given proper facilities and resources. They do not have power in their hand and feel isolated most of the times (Chowdhury et al., 2014). A lot of developing countries such as India and Thailand, the workers are often employed to work in unregulated conditions. They have a pressure to cut the cost of production and labor to improve their profit margins. There are workers who manufacture garments from their home to provide it to customers and local markets. These workers feel isolated and experience invisibility. In Bangladesh, the garment industry is one of the most important bread- earner for the country (Foo, Lim, 2016). A large number of workers in the country are women and they manufactur e garments from home. They receive very low wages and are also not given any extra monetary benefit of working overtime. These workers are also not given any sick leave or paid holidays. Around 80,000 safety hazards were found after inspection in 1106 factories in Bangladesh in the year 2014 (Mezzadri Srivastava,2015).Common good has been negated by this issue on a local as well as global scale as the workers recieve very low wages and face safety issues. There are several principles of Catholic Social teaching such as the dignity of the human person, Common good and community, Option for the poor, Rights and responsibilities, and economic justice which is the most important principle among all others. Dignity of the human person is the most important principles among all the CST principles. The main objective of this principle is to respect the dignity of each and every human being(Moreno-Salamanca, Mel,2015).Each human being is a creation of God and he has his own rights when they are employed in a particular organization. They should be provided proper resources and the location of the factory should be appropriate. The workers in a garment factory should be provided a safe and a proper working environment in order to ensure their rights. The government should make sure that they monitor properly after granting permits for the construction of buildings (Shumi et al.,2015). The companies do not mention their location to prevent che cking from the authorities that the clothing is being manufactured in a safe working environment or not. Common good and community refers to the fact that an individual realizes his or her basic rights and dignity when he is in a relationship with other individuals living in a community. A proper growth and development of an individual occurs in a community. The dignity of workers in a garment industry can be protected and realized by his employer when there is bond of understanding and trust between them (Moreno-Salamanca, Mel,2015). Option for the poor demonstrates the discrimination that is made on the basis of caste, creed, religion and particularly socioeconomic status of the workers who are employed in a garment industry. It is crucial for the owners to respect their efforts which would play a significant role in achieving a common good. They should provide special attention to the working class which will help in the development of a healthier work environment. The poor class should not be discriminated from others as they are the backbone of the garment factory (Mel, 2015). Rights and responsibilities represent the fact that it is important to protect the rights of human being which would in turn protect the dignity of the workers who are employed. Every individual has the right to freedom of choice and the right to life such as proper clothing, food shelter health care services, employment, and education. There are a few ways that can be incorporated in order to address the challengeof garment workers such as their minimum wage should be increased.Advocacy and community engagement can play a vital role in solving the miserable condition of garment workers in bangladesh.Consumers and shareholders should help the workers so that they do not face any issues.Social activist groups should hold these factories liable for miserable conditions of the workers and violation of laws in the country(Mel, 2015).Common people should organize campaigns and protest against the owners of these factory who do not provide proper facilities and resources to their workers. They should be provided proper facilities and resources from the garment owners so that they are able to perform in an effective manner. The garment workers should be organized and increase their power to bargain. This will improve the pathetic situation of the garment workers (Heath Mobarak, 2015).They should be treated with respect an d compassion. The garment owners should help them in every possible manner and should not pressurize them work in intolerable situations. They should be provided monetary help such as loans and proper health care facilities from the government authorities. A large number of garment manufacturers do not pay their workers on time. The government should take strict actions against them as they also need money for their living and to take care of their family members. The workers who work from home have to pay the cost of production such as purchase of machines, maintenance of equipments, thread, needles and electricity to operate their sewing machines. The entire fashion industry depends on copying bigger brands so these issues should be resolved.The garment owners should provide these facilities to the workers working from home so that they can face any monetary pressure and can lead a life of happiness and satisfaction (Sikhdar, Sarkar, Sadeka, 2014). References Chowdhury, R., Harshfield, E., Roy, S., Flora, M. S., Akram, K. A., Bhuiya, A., Ahsan, H. (2014). Life, health, and safety of industrial workers in bangladesh: should they be driven by economic rationale or moral imperative?.Journal of occupational and environmental medicine,56(4), e12-e13. Foo, G. H., Lim, L. Y. (2016). 9 Poverty, Ideology and Women Export Factory.Women, Poverty and Ideology in Asia: Contradictory Pressures, Uneasy Resolutions, 212. Heath, R., Mobarak, A. M. (2015). Manufacturing growth and the lives of Bangladeshi women.Journal of Development Economics,115, 1-15. Mel, D. (2015). Virtues, values, and principles in Catholic social teaching. InHandbook of Virtue Ethics in Business and Management(pp. 1-13). Springer Netherlands. Mezzadri, A., Srivastava, R. (2015). Labour regimes in the Indian garment sector: capital-labour relations, social reproduction and labour standards in the National Capital Region. Moreno-Salamanca, A., Mel, D. (2015). Virtues and Principles in Managing People in the Organization.Handbook of Virtue Ethics in Business and Management, 1-11. Shumi, S. A. B. R. I. N. A., Zuidgeest, M. H. P., Martinez, J. A., Efroymson, D., van Maarseveen, M. F. A. M. (2015). Understanding the relationship between walkability and quality-of-life of women garment workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh.Applied Research in Quality of Life,10(2), 263-287. Sikhdar, M. H., Sarkar, S. K., Sadeka, S. (2014). Socio-Economic Conditions of the Female Garment Workers in the Capital City of Bangladesh.International Journal of Humanities and Social Science,4(3), 173-179.